All You Need To Know About Horticulture
Horticulture is more than just a parade of planting beautiful flowers. It is a central part of the crop production process. In Australia, its enormous size is a testament to its role as a major player in producing food. According to data, the Australian horticultural industry totals a staggering sum of eleven billion dollars. It employs throngs of people and offers immense value down the production chain.
Horticulture involves the cultivation of fruits, nuts and vegetable crops. It also involves such things as garden management and the growth of ornamental flowers. It is a field whose importance in the economy cannot be relegated by any standards. Through the planting of these vegetative food items, the overall economy records substantial leaps. Apart from that, it also finds a receptive environment in foreign markets, too. Horticulture in the country advances research into new segments of agriculture that may not have been previously considered.
Additionally, horticulture is vital to attaining a sustainable environment because of the foliage it provides to the soil. The covering helps minimise the risk of erosion and conserves the soil. Horticultural plants enable the preservation of soil nutrients for quicker plant growth. If the topsoil is lost to erosion, it becomes a hard task to replenish for future planting. In the light of this, it can further be surmised that horticulture is not merely a venture for dedicated farmers. Families can practice horticulture just by merely cultivating small areas around their homes to beautify the surroundings and protect precious layers of the soil.
However, horticulture in Australia has not been fully exploited for its potential. It has been identified as the branch of agriculture in the country that records the highest volume of food waste. Surplus quantities of horticultural produce are lost along the value chain in the country. This expresses a crucial need to implement more resourceful techniques to judiciously manage food. Scientific research into food management practices can be encouraged to checkmate the unused flows. More amazing is the fact that these products considered as waste can be converted into tasty and nourishing foods which are safe for consumption. They contain nutrients which develop the body and are in fact safe to be redistributed. Investment in research is another way by which jobs can be created and more young people are drawn into a niche filled with employment opportunities.
Horticultural outputs into the economy can also be maximised using smart technology tools. Better crop performance can be recorded through the deployment of devices that can optimise yield and nutritional capabilities. The impact is that medically beneficial food resources are churned out and there is improved health condition for Australians.
Beyond the benefits offered to Australia itself, smart technology driven horticulture will spur around the world, new research interests. Much like lighting a bulb, the light, a fresh scientific drive, spreads, thus positioning the country as a pioneer of previously unexplored technology. In the long term, there is a new surge in the methods used to create great outputs in the agricultural value chain. It also improves the way the ordinary farmer relates with his farming environment.
© 2020 AFRN